This type of African mask is a Baule mask which is worn at Goli rituals. It is used in tribal dances during harvest festivals, in processions to honour distinguished visitors and at the funerals of important figures.
The circular face represents the life-giving force of the sun and the horns symbolize the great power of the buffalo. The mask is made of wood with two holes cut into the eyes to enable the wearer to see. The rectangular mouth is also typical of this type of mask.
Baule Territory Map
The Baule are farmers who populate the eastern side of the Ivory Coast. They are part of the Akan people, one of the largest ethnic groups in West Africa, who dwell in both Ghana and the Ivory Coast.